Transparency is one of the core pillars of our Corporate Governance framework. We believe that the more transparent we are, the more confidence our stakeholders will have in management, thereby helping to bolster the investment climate. We strive to deliver timely and accurate materials concerning the Group’s performance and activity to ensure stakeholders have access to clear, factual information that accurately represents the Group’s position.

In that regard, the following table outlines the concession agreements for our operating assets in Egypt:

We are also committed to responsibly complying with tax laws and to having honest and clear relationships with tax authorities everywhere we do business. In Egypt, around 10% of revenues generated from our operating licenses are taxes that are accrued to the government, while internationally operated assets have taxes paid by contract type. Total taxes paid during 2016 amounted to EGP 225.1 million.

A more detailed breakdown of material payments made to the Egyptian government in 2015 and 2016 (as of December) is summarized in the table below:

Type of Payment 2015 2016
Royalties Nil Nil
Bonus Payments USD 200,000 (training) USD 200,000 (training)
License Payments and Fees (other than routine nominal administrative fees) Nil USD 1,000,000
Profits/Dividends Paid to Government Nil Nil
Profits/Income Tax EGP 132,500,000 EGP 225,129,139
Value of Profit Oil Delivered to Government USD 176,106,407 USD 154,394,961
Other Fiscal Benefits to Government Nil Nil